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Saarland University Computer Science

Completeness Theorems for First-Order Logic Analysed in Constructive Type Theory: Extended Version

Yannick Forster, Dominik Kirst, Dominik Wehr

Journal of Logic and Computation 31(1):112–151, January 2021

We study various formulations of the completeness of first-order logic phrased in constructive type theory and mechanised in the Coq proof assistant. Specifically, we examine the completeness of variants of classical and intuitionistic natural deduction and sequent calculi with respect to model-theoretic, algebraic, and game-theoretic semantics. As completeness with respect to the standard model-theoretic semantics à la Tarski and Kripke is not readily constructive, we analyse connections of completeness theorems to Markov’s Principle and Weak König’s Lemma and discuss non-standard semantics admitting assumption-free completeness. We contribute a reusable Coq library for first-order logic containing all results covered in this paper.

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