Subtype satisfiability is an important problem for designing advanced subtype systems and subtype-based program analysis algorithms. The problem is well understood if the atomic types form a lattice. However, little is known about subtype satisfiability over posets. In this paper, we investigate algorithms for and the complexity of subtype satisfiability over general posets. We present a uniform treatment of different flavors of subtyping: simple versus recursive types and structural versus non-structural subtype orders. Our results are established through a new connection of subtype constraints and modal logic. As a consequence, we settle a problem left open by Tiuryn and Wand in 1993.
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